Trading in currency in other words also known as foreign exchange is the world’s largest financial market and was the area in which world’s largest financial institutions were involved. Earlier the Forex transactions were of biggest concern of the big corporate houses, however as the time changes the need for foreign currency has made its way through corporate houses to individuals who are involving in some sort of international transactions. Though the volume of transactions and the people involved in currency trading is increasing exponentially, still there is an information asymmetry between the investors and the market. Thus, to mitigate the information asymmetry and to provide the individual investor all the required information, let’s look at few basic things need to be paid attention,
• Currency trading market Vs other markets: All the other markets in the entire world are having a regulating authority who keeps a note of every transaction happening within their vicinity. But in case of the currency market, there is no such regulating authority or mediator who keeps a check of all the transactions. Transactions between parties happen through pre-arranged credit agreements. These ad-hoc arrangements are known for providing liquidity requirements of the institutions and individuals.
• Immateriality: Trading in currency market literally doesn’t involve any kind of physical transfer. All the transactions happen online without any involvement of physical currency. All the gains and losses are calculated and netted in respective currency accounts.
• Intermediation: In the currency market, there is no formal intermediation due to which there is no place for any sort of broker or agent. As there are no intermediaries there is no question of commission. All the gains and losses are individualistic and are the results of one’s own deeds.
Above mentioned are the few basic aspects that are needed to be known by everyone who is participating in currency markets to mitigate the information asymmetry and to avoid the risk of loss. Besides, above as we all know the transactions in currency markets always happen in pairs of currencies. The value of the currency in pairs is decided by the purchasing power of the currency in the respective markets. There are certain pair of currencies that are considered exotic in the world’s currency market and they are,
• Euro/ US Dollar
• US Dollar / Japanese Yen
• Britain Pound/ US Dollar
• US Dollar / Swiss Franc
The above-mentioned currencies are currencies of the world’s strongest economies thus making them more precious and expensive across the globe. Not only these combinations, any above currency in combination with other currencies out of this pairs trade in highest volumes in almost all the Forex markets.